Description and Purposes of PSSf (This is what should be done)
Congress created and has continued to fund PSSf in response to concerns about the number of children in foster care and the effect of instability and lack of permanency on their well-being. Congress realized that keeping children out of foster care and expediting permanency for children already in foster care required a commitment of funds to states for a range of supportive services to families. The statute describes four service categories that correspond to families at various levels of need:
• Family Support Services are intended to help families provide safe and nurturing
environments for their children. These services are aimed at improving parenting,
strengthening parental relationships, promoting healthy marriages and enhancing child
• Family Preservation Services are targeted to families in crisis and include placement prevention services, post-reunification services, respite care, parenting skills training and infant safe haven programs.
• Time-Limited Family Reunification Services help families that are seeking
to address the conditions that led to removal of a child. These services include
counseling, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, domestic violence
services, crisis nurseries and transportation.
Adoption Promotion and Support Services help families that are preparing to adopt or that have adopted a child from foster care. from fY 2007 to fY 2010, PSSf included an annual appropriation of $345 million in mandatory funds and $200 million in authorized discretionary funds. for fY 2010, Congress appropriated $63.3 million in discretionary PSSf funds…